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Knowledge Guided Disambiguation for Large-Scale Scene Classification with Multi-Resolution CNNs

Limin Wang, Sheng Guo, Weilin Huang, Yuanjun Xiong, Yu Qiao
in IEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 2055-2068, 2017


Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have made remarkable progress on scene recognition, partially due to these recent large-scale scene datasets, such as the Places and Places2. Scene categories are often defined by multi-level information, including local objects, global layout, and background environment, thus leading to large intra-class variations. In addition, with the increasing number of scene categories, label ambiguity has become another crucial issue in large-scale classification. This paper focuses on large-scale scene recognition and makes two major contributions to tackle these issues. First, we propose a multi-resolution CNN architecture that captures visual content and structure at multiple levels. The multi-resolution CNNs are composed of coarse resolution CNNs and fine resolution CNNs, which are complementary to each other. Second, we design two knowledge guided disambiguation techniques to deal with the problem of label ambiguity: 1) we exploit the knowledge from the confusion matrix computed on validation data to merge ambiguous classes into a super category and 2) we utilize the knowledge of extra networks to produce a soft label for each image. Then, the super categories or soft labels are employed to guide CNN training on the Places2. We conduct extensive experiments on three large-scale image datasets (ImageNet, Places, and Places2), demonstrating the effectiveness of our approach. Furthermore, our method takes part in two major scene recognition challenges, and achieves the second place at the Places2 challenge in ILSVRC 2015, and the first place at the LSUN challenge in CVPR 2016. Finally, we directly test the learned representations on other scene benchmarks, and obtain the new state-of-the-art results on the MIT Indoor67 (86.7%) and SUN397 (72.0%).

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  author = {Limin Wang and Sheng Guo and Weilin Huang and Yuanjun Xiong and Yu Qiao},
  title = {Knowledge Guided Disambiguation for Large-Scale Scene Classification with Multi-Resolution CNNs},
  journal = {in IEEE Transactions on Image Processing},
  year = {2017},
  month = {},
  pages = {2055-2068},
  volume = {26},
  number = {4},
  keywords = {}