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Identification of Spring Parameters for Deformable Object Simulation

Bryn A. Lloyd, Gábor Székely, Matthias Harders
Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE Transactions on
Vol. 13, No. 5, pp. 1081-1094, September 2007


Mass spring models are frequently used to simulate deformable objects because of their conceptual simplicity and computational speed. Unfortunately, the model parameters are not related to elastic material constitutive laws in an obvious way. Several methods to set optimal parameters have been proposed, but so far only with limited success. We analyze the parameter identification problem and show the difficulties, which have prevented previous work from reaching wide usage. Our main contribution is a new method to derive analytical expressions for the spring parameters from an isotropic linear elastic reference model. The method is described and expressions for several mesh topologies are derived. These include triangle, rectangle and tetrahedron meshes. The formulae are validated by comparing the static deformation of the MSM with reference deformations simulated with the finite element method.

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  author = {Bryn A. Lloyd and Gábor Székely and Matthias Harders},
  title = {Identification of Spring Parameters for Deformable Object Simulation},
  journal = {Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE Transactions on},
  year = {2007},
  month = {September},
  pages = {1081-1094},
  volume = {13},
  number = {5},
  keywords = {Mass spring system, deformable model, parameters, spring coefficients, identification, static}