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Hierarchic Voronoi Skeletons

L. Ogniewicz and O. K├╝bler
Pattern Recognition
Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 343-359, 1995


Robust and time-efficient skeletonization of a (planar) shape, which is connectivity preserving and based on Euclidean metrics, can be achieved by first regularizing the Voronoi diagram (VD) of a shape's boundary points, i.e., by removal of noise-sensitive parts of the tessellation and then by establishing a hierarchic organization of skeleton constituents. Each component of the VD is attributed with a measure of prominence which exhibits the expected invariance under geometric transformations and noise. The second processing step, a hierarchic clustering of skeleton branches, leads to a multiresolution representation of the skeleton, termed skeleton pyramid.

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  author = {L. Ogniewicz and O. K\"ubler},
  title = {Hierarchic Voronoi Skeletons},
  journal = {Pattern Recognition},
  year = {1995},
  month = {},
  pages = {343-359},
  volume = {28},
  number = {3},
  keywords = {distance transform, hierarchic skeletons, medial axis, regularization, shape description, thinning, Voronoi tessellation}