This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

Search for Publication

Year(s) from:  to 
Keywords (separated by spaces):

Compliance Boundary Conditions for Elasticity Reconstruction Using FEM Inverse Problem

Ece Ozkan and Orcun Goksel
Proceedings of ITEC
October 2016


Background: Estimation of tissue stiffness for detecting tissue abnormalities has been a major research interest in the last decades. Some existing methods start with defining a region-of-interest (ROI) and formulating the elasticity reconstruction of ROI as an inverse problem (IP). These commonly utilize the Finite Element Method (FEM) and compute Young’s modulus distribution in ROI from displacement field measurements in response to tissue excitations. For solving the FEM IP, boundary conditions at the outer boundaries of ROI are necessitated [1]. Conventionally, these are set arbitrarily, as zero-displacement or -force constraints at chosen ROI locations, which may lead to errors in IP solutions [2]. Aims: Our goal is to reconstruct accurate elasticity parameters with harmonic excitations by alternatively approximating boundary constraints from measured displacements. Methods: Our proposed method starts with a displacement field tracking step obtained from harmonic excitation at angular frequency ω, using e.g. cross-correlation [3] or optical flow [4]. We then start our iterative process with an initial assumption for Young’s modulus and estimate compliance boundary conditions (CBC) as proposed in [5]. Afterwards, we use estimated CBC to reconstruct Young’s modulus using FEM IP [2]. We iterate this process until updated Young’s modulus converges or maximum number of iterations is reached as shown in (a). Note that our method has two nested iterations: elasticity IP iteration for reconstructing Young’s modulus with FEM IP, which checks convergence for displacements, and CBC update iteration to update CBC using estimated Young’s modulus, which converges for change of Young's modulus. Results: Simulations were performed using a 2D model with a circular inclusion embedded in a numerical phantom as in (b). Our simulation results over exterior iterations are demonstrated for ω = 2πf at f = 70 Hz in (c). Sensitivity of IP parameter reconstruction for two empirically-set baseline comparisons, bottom and all fix are compared to our method CBC for different f in (d). RMSE error of these are shown in (e). Conclusions: The circular inclusion is recognizable for all angular frequencies and ROI choices using CBC, unlike empirically-set boundary conditions bottom and all fix. Our results show that using CBC as boundary conditions yields Young's modulus reconstruction outputs with less RMSE errors.

Link to publisher's page
Download in pdf format
  author = {Ece Ozkan and Orcun Goksel},
  title = {Compliance Boundary Conditions for Elasticity Reconstruction Using FEM Inverse Problem},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of ITEC},
  year = {2016},
  month = {October},
  keywords = {}