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Operational Snow Cover Mapping by Satellites and Real Time Runoff Forecasts

K. Seidel and J. Martinec
Proceedings ISSGH 92, Kathmandu, Nepal - IAHS Publ. no. 218
November 1992


The method for snowmelt runoff simulations based on remote sensing satellite data is reviewed. For an actual basin the required input to the Snowmelt Runoff Model (SRM) for different elevation zones is given by the snow covered area (S), temperature (T) and precipitation (P) values. The seasonal changes in snow coverage can be monitored by earth observation satellites such as NOAA/AVHRR, Landsat-MSS, SPOT-XS, MOS/MESSR or IRS/LISS. The daily runoff can be simulated or forecasted. In addition, maps of regional water equivalent based on the seasonal snow cover accumulation during winter time are derived.

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  author = {K. Seidel and J. Martinec},
  title = {Operational Snow Cover Mapping by Satellites and Real Time Runoff Forecasts},
  booktitle = {Proceedings ISSGH 92, Kathmandu, Nepal - IAHS Publ. no. 218},
  year = {1992},
  month = {November},
  pages = {123-132},
  keywords = {remote sensing, Landsat, SPOT, snow cover monitoring, runoff simulation, runoff forecast}