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Brain tumor cell density estimation from multi-modal MR images based on a synthetic tumor growth mode

Ezequiel Geremia and Bjoern H. Menze and Marcel Prastawa and Marc-André Weber and Antonio Criminisi and Nicholas Ayache
Proc MICCAI MCV (Workshop on Medical Computer Vision)
Nice, France 2012

Abstract

This paper proposes to employ a detailed tumor growth model to synthesize labelled images which can then be used to train an ecient data-driven machine learning tumor predictor. Our MR im- age synthesis step generates images with both healthy tissues as well as various tumoral tissue types. Subsequently, a discriminative algorithm based on random regression forests is trained on the simulated ground truth to predict the continuous latent tumor cell density, and the discrete tissue class associated with each voxel. The presented method makes use of a large synthetic dataset of 740 simulated cases for training and evalu- ation. A quantitative evaluation on 14 real clinical cases diagnosed with low-grade gliomas demonstrates tissue class accuracy comparable with state of the art, with added bene t in terms of computational eciency and the ability to estimate tumor cell density as a latent variable un- derlying the multimodal image observations. The idea of synthesizing training data to train data-driven learning algorithms can be extended to other applications where expert annotation is lacking or expensive.


Link to publisher's page
@InProceedings{eth_biwi_00991,
  author = {Ezequiel Geremia and Bjoern H. Menze and Marcel Prastawa and Marc-AndrĂ© Weber and Antonio Criminisi and Nicholas Ayache},
  title = {Brain tumor cell density estimation from multi-modal MR images based on a synthetic tumor growth mode},
  booktitle = {Proc MICCAI MCV (Workshop on Medical Computer Vision)},
  year = {2012},
  series = {LNCS},
  keywords = {}
}