Organ Motion from 4DMRI
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Motion Estimation

The motion of mass points within a moving organ was estimated using non-rigid registration between the volumes of the reconstructed 4D sequences. The resulting deformations define the trajectories of mass points during respiration.

For the non-rigid 3D registration, the open source VTK CISG Toolkit [1] was used, which implements an intensity-based non-rigid registration algorithm proposed by Rueckert [2] and Schnabel [3].

motion field animated
    liver surface
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Example trajectories defined by a sequence of deformations resulting from non-rigid registration. The manually segmented liver is animated accordingly.

All acquired data sets showed variations in the range of minutes such as drifts and deformations, which changed both the exhalation position of the liver and the breathing pattern. These changes motivate further studies on the variability that has to be expected during treatment.

References