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Sven Hirsch, Johannes Reichold, Matthias Schneider, Gábor Székely, and Bruno Weber. Topology and Hemodynamics of the Cortical Cerebrovascular System. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 32(6):952-967, Apr 2012.

The cerebrovascular system continuously delivers oxygen and energy substrates to the brain, which is one of the organs with the highest basal energy requirement in mammals. Discontinuities in the delivery lead to fatal consequences for the brain tissue. A detailed understanding of the structure of the cerebrovascular system is important for a multitude of (patho\mbox{-})physiological cerebral processes and many noninvasive functional imaging methods rely on a signal that originates from the vasculature. Furthermore, neurodegenerative diseases often involve the cerebrovascular system and could contribute to neuronal loss. In this review, we focus on the cortical vascular system. In the first part, we present the current knowledge of the vascular anatomy. This is followed by a theory of topology and its application to vascular biology. We then discuss possible interactions between cerebral blood flow and vascular topology, before summarizing the existing body of the literature on quantitative cerebrovascular topology.
@Article{Hirsch2012, title = {Topology and Hemodynamics of the Cortical Cerebrovascular System}, author = {Hirsch, Sven and Reichold, Johannes and Schneider, Matthias and Sz{\'e}kely, G{\'a}bor and Weber, Bruno}, journal = {Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism}, year = {2012}, month = {Apr}, number = {6}, pages = {952--967}, volume = {32}, abstract = {The cerebrovascular system continuously delivers oxygen and energy substrates to the brain, which is one of the organs with the highest basal energy requirement in mammals. Discontinuities in the delivery lead to fatal consequences for the brain tissue. A detailed understanding of the structure of the cerebrovascular system is important for a multitude of (patho\mbox{-})physiological cerebral processes and many noninvasive functional imaging methods rely on a signal that originates from the vasculature. Furthermore, neurodegenerative diseases often involve the cerebrovascular system and could contribute to neuronal loss. In this review, we focus on the cortical vascular system. In the first part, we present the current knowledge of the vascular anatomy. This is followed by a theory of topology and its application to vascular biology. We then discuss possible interactions between cerebral blood flow and vascular topology, before summarizing the existing body of the literature on quantitative cerebrovascular topology.}, doi = {10.1038/jcbfm.2012.39}, institution = {Computer Vision Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.}, keywords = {vessel segmentation; hemodynamics; cerebral vasculature; morphometry} }